Periodontal disease typically occurs in three stages, and the earlier a patient is treated by a dentist the better the results of the treatment. Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease affects more than just the gum tissue. The development of infection can spread to the teeth, bones, sinuses, and to the bloodstream, contributing to heart disease and other related health conditions over time.
The most important feature of periodontal disease is that it is caused by bacteria, typically from plaque. This means the disease can be prevented with efficient and consistent dental hygiene habits, including brushing, flossing, and regular visits to a dentist. Dentists are trained to recognize the early signs of periodontal disease and teach patients to improve home self-care habits for better checkups and reduced problems. Daily brushing and flossing should remove significant plaque from teeth and mouth, reducing tartar buildup and improving gum tissue health.
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. This is basically inflammation seen in the gum tissue, typically nearest to the teeth. The signs of gingivitis include puffiness or subtle swelling, redness, and bleeding especially when brushing teeth or flossing. Gingivitis is easily treated with excellent success because the gum tissue alone is affected but the bones, teeth, and other essential tissue are still healthy at this point. If left untreated, however, the disease will progress.
Periodontitis indicates the bone and connective tissues supporting teeth have started to show signs of disease. Food particles, debris, and plaque usually become trapped within the gumline in pockets that allow greater signs of infection. The damage to the connective tissue and bone may be irreversible at this point, but treatment can improve the conditions of the overall dental health and reduce risk of further damage. If left untreated, the periodontitis will progress to an advanced stage, usually resulting in the loss of teeth.
Most patients do not reach periodontitis or advanced periodontitis because dentists spot and respond to early signs of inflammation or disease at regular dental checkups and cleanings. As with any condition, the earlier and more effectively the symptoms are treated the more successful the results. For more information about caring for teeth, gums, and overall dental health, contact Euro Dental Studio today.